ovarian cysts

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that develop in the ovaries of women. These cysts are common and usually harmless, but sometimes they can cause serious health problems. In this article, we will discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatment of ovarian cysts.

What are Ovarian Cysts?

Ovarian cysts are sacs filled with fluid that form in the ovaries. The ovaries are two small organs located on either side of the uterus, and they produce and release eggs during the menstrual cycle. Ovarian cysts can form during the menstrual cycle or at any time during a woman’s life. They can be as small as a pea or as large as a grapefruit.

Causes of Ovarian Cysts

The exact cause of ovarian cysts is not known, but they are believed to be the result of an imbalance in the hormones estrogen and progesterone. Other factors that can increase the risk of developing ovarian cysts include:

  • Hormone replacement therapy
  • Infertility treatments
  • Endometriosis
  • Pelvic infections
  • Pregnancy

Symptoms of Ovarian Cysts

Most ovarian cysts do not cause any symptoms and are only discovered during a routine pelvic exam. However, if the cysts grow large or rupture, they can cause the following symptoms:

  • Pain or discomfort in the lower abdomen
  • Bloating or swelling of the abdomen
  • Pain during sex
  • Irregular menstrual periods
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fatigue
  • Difficulty emptying the bladder

Diagnosis of Ovarian Cysts

Ovarian cysts are usually diagnosed during a pelvic exam or through imaging tests, such as ultrasound or MRI. If the cyst is large or causing symptoms, your doctor may recommend further testing, such as a blood test or biopsy, to rule out cancer.

Treatment of Ovarian Cysts

Most ovarian cysts do not require treatment and will go away on their own within a few months. However, if the cyst is causing symptoms or is larger than 5 centimeters, your doctor may recommend the following treatments:

  • Birth control pills: Hormonal birth control pills can regulate the menstrual cycle and prevent the formation of new cysts.
  • Laparoscopy: A minimally invasive surgery to remove the cyst.
  • Laparotomy: A more invasive surgery to remove the cyst and the affected ovary.

Prevention of Ovarian Cysts

There is no sure way to prevent ovarian cysts, but there are some steps you can take to reduce your risk, including:

  • Taking birth control pills
  • Avoiding hormone replacement therapy
  • Treating endometriosis and pelvic infections promptly
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Exercising regularly


Ovarian cysts are common and usually harmless, but they can cause serious health problems in some cases. If you experience any symptoms of ovarian cysts, such as abdominal pain or bloating, consult your doctor. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent complications.


  1. Are ovarian cysts cancerous? Most ovarian cysts are benign and not cancerous, but some cysts can be cancerous. Your doctor may recommend further testing to rule out cancer if the cyst is large or causing symptoms.
  2. Can ovarian cysts cause infertility? In some cases, ovarian cysts can cause infertility. Cysts that grow on the ovaries can interfere with ovulation and make it difficult to conceive.
  3. Can ovarian cysts go away on their own? Yes, most ovarian cysts go away


For medial help or consultation you can get in touch with Dr. Mamta Pattnayak.


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